Modelling and Assessment
Modelling and Assessment

Socio-Economics of Cycling

Traffic models have historically often ignored or underrated investments and active modes of transportation, and been insensitive to the effects on different parts of society that decisions on the design of solutions can have. Handshake's specialist partners in 'Bikenomics' (~bike economics) will help address this, through a joint learning exercise with cities to develop the right indicators to quantify, judge and improve investment decisions using the right choice of assessment methods.

Informing future investment decisions

Such approaches are new to many cities and have often only been used in more advanced cities with the luxury of time and knowledge to invest in such assessment activity. However, the pay-back of prioritising the right solutions in the right places is huge. Our leading cities will refine their approaches, and help our future Capitals use this to leapfrog over gaps in their current knowledge and practices.

Cities using this solution

River in Copenhagen
Leader: Copenhagen

The Danish Ministry of Finance’s transport economic key values show that for every extra km traveled by bicycle society gain 4.80 Danish kroner (0.65 euros), and for every extra km traveled by car the cost is 5.28 Danish kroner (0.70 euros). In all, there is a total gain to society of 10.08 Danish kroner (1.35 euros) for every km travelled. This data can be used to asses both planned and realized projects to determine their feasibility, internal rate and other relevant economic results.

In relation to the 10 new bicycle and pedestrian bridges Copenhagen has built since 2014, with Handshake it will use Bikeconomics to measure the value of large infrastructural project such as these for cyclists. As cycling investments in Copenhagen generally have large return in investments the data can be used to push for further investments in infrastructure in Copenhagen. Furthermore, other cities can be inclined and inspired to invest in larger infrastructural cycling projects.

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Amsterdam bridge
Follower: Amsterdam

The city of Amsterdam did research to the role of cycling in the overall urban economy. The total worth of a modal shift towards the bicycle between 2010 and 2015 in Amsterdam has been calculated and adds up to more than €120 million.  

The total social value in euros were €122,900,000:
- Health:  €21,400,000
- Liveability: €13,700,000
- Mobility:  €87,600,000

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Bordeaux bridge
Follower: Bordeaux

The objective is to set up a clear list of indicators to measure the effects of the cycling policy. The city needs to have figures on the benefits and costs of cycling in order to say “the use of cycling is X€, and the use of a car is X€” taking into account factors such as accident cost, public health issues.

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Krakow city centre
Follower: Krakow

Socioeconomic assessments of investments in cycling are a currently untouched aspect, so it would be very interesting for the city to investigate on them and to have another argument for cycling promotion and cycling infrastructure extension.

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City of Turin landscape
Follower: Turin

The socioeconomic assessment of investment in cycling is something very urgent and never used in the past. Learning from Amsterdam will help the city to use it as tool for decision making at political level and in the in the planning process. With this know how the city will be able to evaluate the economic benefit for the city consequent of investing on cycling infrastructures and services.

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Related Solutions

This project has received funding from the European Union‘s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under grant agreement no 769177.

The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the CIVITAS Handshake project and in no way reflects the views of the European Commission.