Modelling and Assessment
The use of data to predict how people may travel, with the aid of computational programmes, is known as transport modelling. It aims to estimate how people may adapt to changes in the layout, quality and management of streets and infrastructure. Doing this "virtually" prior to constructing infrastructure can avoid costly changes or poor outcomes from investment. However "traffic models" in the past have often focussed on how motor vehicles respond to change, and this has resulted in infrastructure that continues to emphasise motorised forms of transport. More recently, models have been created and used which better demonstrate the business case for the better integration of walking and cycling into design solutions.
A foresight for cycling
Actions to program traffic lights and signals to speed up cycling across the transport system will be developed in Handshake. Cycling models can also help demonstrate demand, as well as geographically show where cyclists most want to travel at a junction or across a network (desire lines), as well as gaps in the provision or attractiveness of routes. Data will be identified and collected which will help models more accurately simulate current and future levels of cycling movement.