Krakow city centre

Kraków has the know-how to communicate cycling well, and wishes to expand the role of the bicycle from recreational to everyday transportation

About Krakow

Krakow logo

Kraków lies in the southern part of Poland and is its second biggest city, with a population of more than 760,000 inhabitants. The post-war years ingrained the use of the private car into the consciousness of the Polish society and its decision makers, resulting in the subsequent decline of the quality of cycling infrastructure. Now, the development and modernisation of cycling infrastructure is beginning to take shape. Studies on the mobility of Cracovians show that the number of cyclists is growing and that cyclists are visible throughout most of the year.

Main cycling challenges

Cycling in Kraków is getting more and more popular, although people still regard car ownership as an indicator of success and do not yet appreciate the full value of cycling (such as its health, social and economic benefits). Cycling has also been seen more as a recreational activity. However, with strong support from the public, the challenge now is to provide high quality cycling infrastructure to allow for trips all year round.


Population icon
767,348 Population
Amount of cyclists icon
3.6k/day Amount of cyclists
(on busiest route)
Car ownership rate icon
361 Car ownership rate
(cars per 1000 residents)
City area<
327 km² City area
Length of cycle network icon
165 Length of cycle network
Krakow square with horses


Cycling solutions

Kraków's focus is on understanding, improving, and positively promoting the movement of people on bicycles in the city, with a focus on awareness and safety.

Mentor: Munich



Urząd Miasta Krakowa, Wydział Gospodarki Komunalnej


gk.umk [at]

+48 12 616 88 18

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This project has received funding from the European Union‘s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under grant agreement no 769177.

The sole responsibility for the content of this website lies with the CIVITAS Handshake project and in no way reflects the views of the European Commission.